The second part of the deer management program is monitoring the vegetation to see if desired plants are able to grow. With input from USDA Forest Service personnel, Providence Water has established a number of plots across its watershed land holdings where the height growth of certain species of sprouts and seedlings are measured every spring. As time goes on, we anticipate that less deer palatable species being monitored, such as American beech, should begin to recover and grow. When this happens, species such oaks and maples (which deer prefer) will be included for monitoring. It will take years, if not decades, for the ecosystem to rebound and some plant populations may be diminished for even longer. Monitoring results are used to help track success and failure and guide changes to the deer management program.